Commonly asked questions by people learning about Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) are –

What is guided discovery?
Is it about the therapist directing the client?
Is Socratic dialogue the same thing as guided discovery?
How do I offer guided discovery?

One thing for sure, is that the concept often feels overwhelming when we first try this type of approach.

My view point is that, guided discovery, can be one of the most beneficial interventions used within CBT. In a nut-shell, guided discovery is a process that a therapist uses to help his or her client reflect on the way that they process information. Through the processes of answering questions or reflecting on thinking processes, a range of alternative thinking is opened up for each client. This alternative thinking forms the blueprint for changing perceptions and behaviours.

Essentially, it could be suggested that a client approaching a CBT therapist is initially functioning at a mindless level. This is not to say that a client is ignorant or not able to think. Rather, that the client has a range of automatic cognitive processes that are being allowed to run without intervention. Some of these thinking processes may have been developed in childhood, while others may directly result from an immediate mood state.

A useful analogy for guided discovery is to think about going to an opticians for an eye test. The optician may initially put a contraption on their clients head with a range of lenses on it. Initially, their clients cannot see through this contraption very well (i.e., what they perceive is a blur). The optician then sets about gradually removing or replacing lenses, and after a while, through a process of trial and error (and feedback from the client) each individual begins to see more clearly.

Guided discovery works in exactly the same way as the above example. Except, instead of using optical lenses, the CBT therapist helps the client use lenses of perception. Perceiving information is a different way allows each client to access a range of choices in their life, ostensibly, to see their life through different lenses. When we view life in a different way our emotional reaction to events also shifts. These types of continued conscious re-evaluations in CBT are very important because they lay the foundations of future automatic thinking and make relapse less likely.

You hear a lot about vitamins and minerals, but do you have any idea if you are getting what you need? You probably are, for the most part. There are times when we don’t however, and this direct us to a very interesting theory. My mom offered me a book she had read a while back, and it stated that those who don’t get the right vitamins and minerals each day might get sick easier and also might walk around with unusual cravings.

I read the book and it got me thinking about a teacher I had in seventh grade. This person was your classic teacher, even if he was not very animated. Many times he would eat the chalk he had in the classroom. Though we thought it was funny at the time, I never thought there was a reason why he did it. May be it had something to do with the amount of vitamins and minerals in his diet? I am not sure, but this book told me it was. It’s a fascinating theory. But would it makes us eat chalk if our body craves for vitamins and minerals it is not getting?

So this might explain why you crave certain foods. That’s certainly not as awful as eat chalk, but this could elucidate odd cravings, especially during pregnancy. Pregnant women require more vitamins and minerals than anyone else, and they must to be sure they get them. Do they have to ask for Italian dressing and hotdogs in the middle of the night if they aren’t getting the vitamins and minerals for themselves as well as what they need for their growing baby? I don’t know.

I {really don’t know if a lack of important vitamins and minerals might explain cravings, even though the man who wrote the book made some excellent points. What I do believe is that if you are dieting you deal with cravings every day, and perhaps if you make sure your amount of vitamins and minerals is what it should be might just stop a few of those crazy urges that make you over eat. Even though it’s just a theory, maybe if you make sure you take a daily vitamin it might help you to stop your cravings just in case it works. If you take up a diet plan that ensures you get the right foods each and every day, perhaps that, along with the vitamins, might give you the head start you need to keep on track. Just don’t eat chalk, ok?

Eating healthy foods can help lengthen lifespans, decrease risk of chronic diseases and increase physical and mental well-being. Foods for healthy eating can be really delicious, and there are plenty of simple food recipes out there for a good, healthy diet. If you’ve got specific dietary condition, you should see a doctor for a healthy food list tailored to your needs. This healthy eating guide presumes no special dietary requirements.

Try to match your calorific intake to the energy you use. While the odd exception won’t be problematic, you can’t eat Christmas recipes every day. Normally women use about 2000 calories a day and men use 2500.

Healthy recipes use less saturated fats and more unsaturated fats. Roughly speaking, saturated fats are fairly solid at room temperature and unsaturated fats are liquid. Seeds and nuts are great for healthy nutrition party because they contain healthy oils: similarly oily fish can be a starting point for healthy, easy recipes.

For a good healthy diet try to eat complete proteins. Animal proteins are usually complete, but also contain a lot of saturated fats which people keeping healthy foods diets should avoid. To get complete proteins from plant sources pair a grain (such as rice, wheat or oats) with a pulse (such as beans, lentils or chickpeas). A more comprehensive healthy food list for pairing can easily be found in an online or print healthy food guide. This combo is so good it’s used in simple food recipes around the world, like Jamaican rice ‘n’ beans and Indian dal with rice. There are Middle Eastern healthy, easy recipes combining wheat (in couscous, bulgur and bread) and chickpeas (e.g. houmous, falafel) which make great diet foods for healthy eating.

A healthy foods diet avoids sugary foods and drinks. Even too much 100% fruit juice can be bad for you, because simple sugars are less healthy than carbohydrates like starch. Diet foods and healthy snacks tend to be low in sugar, so that can be a safer bet. Instead of processed foods, eat lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, which can be used in healthy, easy recipes from any good healthy food guide.

It doesn’t matter how many meals you eat a day: this differs between cultures and time periods. However, consistency is important to avoid feeling hungry and if hungry between meals eat healthy snacks. Avoid missing breakfast too, because slow-release energy helps get you through work or school.

Speaking of school, it can be hard keeping track of kids’ healthy nutrition. School dinners might not always use healthy recipes, but healthy kids’ snacks are out there. With a lunch-box and a healthy eating guide they’ll be eating healthy foods in no time.

Health benefits of Herbal Nutritional Supplements From the beginning of human civilization, the oldest healthcare known to mankind are botanical or herbal medicine. Ancient medical preparations these drugs, taking extracts from different parts of plants for the treatment of various diseases. With time and modernism gradually herbal treatment took charge of the different forms of therapy. However, after many decades, people are going back for herbal products because they generally do not have any adverse side effects.

Benefits of Herbal Nutritional Supplements:
Depression can affect people at any age, there are several causes and some types of depression lead to suicide if not caught early. Doctors and health professionals are taking into account; natural remedy and herbal supplements help to reduce symptoms of depression. Antidepressants are effective but have a greater likelihood of side effects like nervousness and headaches. Some even lead to impotence. Researchers are studying the best herbal supplements that can replace anti-depressants. Herbal supplements are organic in nature and contain fewer undesirable effects on the body.

A plant such as Rhodiola Rosea is a popular and effective herbal supplement. This type of plant is known to help various mental disorders. It could also reduce the chances of people suffering from depression. This will help a person sleep better and reduces inflammation. Could be drunk as tea or in tablet form or taken as a tincture.

Gingko Biloba even a popular herbal supplement. It has been used for various diseases affecting the body. Contains high antioxidant properties that can delay the signs of aging. Should be taken with the correct dose to be effective. The herbal supplement Ginkgo Biloba can improve memory in older people and taken in tablet, gel and liquid. Several countries are using this wonder supplement.

Valerian root is another herbal supplement that can combat depression and other symptoms. The herb calms the person and brings a cheerful countenance. Even cure insomnia with this supplement.

Ginseng is also known in many countries. His formula in energy drinks and is useful to counteract stress. Be sure to ask the advice of your doctor before taking any of these herbal supplements. Several people could interfere with your current medications should be avoided at all costs.

A herbal supplement that can be used by the body to fight stress and fatigue is Ashwagandha. Fixed neurotransmitters in the brain to help in the fight against the onset of mental disorders.

There are herbal supplements that may be useful for women who are experiencing symptoms of menopause, but can reduce the stress that women in their forties feel due to various hormonal imbalances in the body.

Before buying any herbal supplement online, make sure you buy a well known company.

Budapest may be one of the oldest European cities in the world. But the city has taken long strides to stay at par with the latest in medical care. Medical and dental care is one of the best and surprisingly cheaper!

Old historic buildings may dot the city but the hospitals are among the best in the world. These hospitals are fully-equipped with latest medical equipments and are manned by teams of medical experts. The gynecology department in top-rated hospitals is favored by tourists who feel comfortable with the look and feel of hospitals back home.

If you have medical insurance, ask your insurer to clarify the terms of the insurance. Can you use it in any hospital in Budapest? If you have a private insurance, you can choose your gynecologist and any hospital in Budapest – should you need medical attention. If you are relocating to Budapest or intending to study in one of Barcelona’s top universities, choosing your gynecologist should not present difficulties.

Women’s wellness clinics offer women are range of medical services that combines complementary and medical care. Hospitals here also offer the best in spinal surgery, cosmetic surgery, prenatal and postnatal care, cardiology, and dentistry. With a range of hospitals available, women do not have to worry about their health and well-being. Language is no barrier as there are several English-speaking doctors and nurses too.

If you are traveling to Budapest for special surgery or cosmetic surgery, it is best to get comfortable accommodations near the hospital that offers the medical service you need. If you need to recuperate in comfortable quarters and the doctor allows it, staying in a holiday apartment would be budget-friendly.

These apartments have the amenities for patients’ on-the-mend, private baths, and an extra room for a nurse or companion. These apartments are installed with ramps for wheelchairs and lifts. Staying in holiday apartment is practically affordable than staying in hospitals while recuperating from surgery or the flu. Apartments are also budget-friendly than touristy hotels and have everything to make you comfortable.

Rent an Apartment Online

Book a holiday apartment online. It is fast, easy, and convenient. You can see for yourself the differently-styled apartments in the different parts of Budapest that’s near a hospital. The luxury apartments offer clients privacy, comfort, and all the conveniences of home with less the cost of hotels. Arrangement for a week’s or month’s stay can be transacted online too.

The Shocking Truth is that you will only realize 70% of the value of a traditional health plan.

The reality is that for the small businesses (especially the sole owner type), monthly health benefit plans are designed to yield around 30% in profit for the Providers when it comes to routine health care expenses. On average, for a small business, you will only get out 70% of the premiums you put in – the traditional monthly plans are designed that way. And, if you claim more in one year, your premiums or limitations will normally increase to maintain that 70/30 ratio.

A Health Spending Account is a great alternative for entrepreneurs.

In contrast, a Health Spending Account (HSA) is far more cost effective for these routine health care expenses, without the artificial percentage and coverage limitations imposed by the insurance carriers. For example, most monthly health plans cover 80% for routine cleaning, up to a fixed annual limit per person. HSA’s have no percentage limits imposed – 100% is covered.

Monthly health plans typically cover only certain services. Few monthly plans cover things like glasses, massage therapy, orthotics, contacts, laser eye surgery, etc. A Health Spending Account allow entrepreneurs’ and their dependents to gain access to a full spectrum of health care services.

The final good news is that Revenue Canada (CRA) allows incorporated Canadian businesses to write-off 100% of the costs of a Health Spending Account, and all claim reimbursements to employees (and dependents) are completely tax-free.

Is it any wonder that today the majority of small Canadian incorporated businesses are now looking at a Health Spending Account, as either their primary, or secondary form of health coverage.

The bottom-line is that it is more economical to cover the routine costs, and the broader range of health care services through a Health Spending Account. In these situations, the monthly benefits plans are more restrictive, more costly and far less flexible.

People around the globe celebrate International Nurses Day on May 12, the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale who dedicated her life in serving the wounded. Every year the Nursing Division of P.D. Hinduja National Hospital and M.R.C. celebrate this day on May 12.

As per the International Council for Nurses (ICN), the theme for 2009 Nurses Day was Delivering Quality, Serving Communities: Nurses Leading Care Innovators. Events in P.D. Hinduja National Hospital were held around this theme.

Mr. Pramod Lele, CEO of Hinduja Hospital in his address said that nurses of Hinduja Hospital are extremely dedicated to their work but a more patient centered approach is needed to achieve the optimum level of patient satisfaction. Mrs. Phalakshi Manjrekar, the Director Nursing of Hinduja Hospital unfolded the Nurses Day theme. She focused on the fact that nurses are engaged in innovative activities on a daily basis to improve patient care outcomes and to reduce costs to the health system. She added that expert knowledge and nursing research are at the heart of many of the new roles which nurses take up, as well as the basis for traditional nursing care. But it is the combination of innovation and vitality that allows nurses work to take flight.

Scientific presentations by nurses were conducted on the Nurses Day. The topics were: “Nurses as brand builders for hospital”-Neha Gupta,Nursing Executive, “Clinical care pathway in Oncology Nursing”- Ms.Smita Patnoskar, ‘Sepsis-latest management guidelines’- Ms.Indu Poulose, and “Latest trends in diabetic nursing care”- Ms.Adriana Pinto.

A Final round of the “Innovative Team” Quiz was conducted by NABH trainers Ms.Sreeja Nair, Ms.Beena Nair, Ms.Shilpa Tiwde, Ms.Indu Poulose and Ms.Priya Shettygar in the Nurses Day programme.

The programme concluded with vote of thanks and was followed by lunch. All the members of the Nursing Division and Nurses who attended the programme were given a beautiful bookmark from Nursing Division and Nurses Day best wishes card from Hinduja Hospital Trustees – Mrs Usha Raheja, Mrs Vinoo Hinduja and CEO- Mr.Pramod Lele on account of Nurses Day 2009.

Many people believe that the secret to body building and developing a great physique is a ton of supplements, pills and powders. The fact is that body building can be done without a lot of supplements. Many people are practicing the kind of natural body building that helped previous generations of body builders develop their muscles without supplements. So if you’re interested in natural body building without using supplements, this article should help you get started.

You will never manage to have a fit body without the right foods. Don’t starve yourself, but do plan your meals to make sure you get the right nutrition. Eating less is only going to weaken you muscle. If you eat the right foods, you will develop lean muscle, with no need for supplements. The secret to natural body building is not in the calorie count, but in what foods you eat. Try to make every calorie count.

Be sure to eat lean protein, complex carbohydrates and healthy fats. This will help give you energy, repair the body, and even give you enough vitamins and minerals to help you start building muscle. These foods help restore you muscle tissue, tendons and connective tissue, strengthening your body and rejuvenating any areas which might be damaged or strained as a result of exercise.

Regular exercise every day is essential if you want to develop the physique of a body builder. Ask your doctor and a professional trainer about appropriate routines for natural body building without supplements. Look at your level of fitness, weight and body type. Then start slowly and build your strength, rather than do too intense a work out that can lead to injury.

Also be sure to get plenty of sleep each night. This will give your body time to relax, rest, and rejuvenate, especially after a good workout. It helps keep your muscles toned and trim. Your exercise routine should suit your daily lifestyle and be something you enjoy. Just be sure not to overdo it, otherwise your muscles won’t be able to get the time between sessions to rest and heal. This will also help you maintain a good energy level so that you don’t feel too drained and then want to take a supplement to help you feel better. Natural body building works with your body, not with supplements, to help you develop the toned and trim physique you’ve always wanted.

Staying healthy is mainly about two things – proper nutrition and regular exercise. For many athletes, especially those who engage in highly intensive Thai workouts, keeping a healthy body and staying in shape is crucial for performance. But as much as diet and exercise are the hallmarks of excellent health, taking the right supplements has a lot of benefits too. Those who do not recognize the health benefits of whey protein as well as vitamins and supplements could be missing out on a lot of things, health-wise.

How Thais may benefit from whey protein and other supplements

Whey protein is a valuable source of protein, since it is one of the most unadulterated forms of protein. The typical Thai diet is composed of rice, seafood, vegetables, noodles, and spices. But as much as this diet is already rich in protein, the daily consumption of protein from regular meals may not be enough for some individuals. This is why whey protein supplements are often considered to be an ideal solution for protein deficiency, especially for people who are working out and want to bulk up on muscle and trim down fat.

Whey protein is an excellent source of amino acids, which an individual’s daily diet should not be without. Essential amino acids aid in the formation of muscles, healthy skin and nails, and helps repair body tissues. Not only does whey protein help in the physical performance of athletes, but it is also excellent for weight management, cardiovascular health, and healthy aging, among many others.

Choosing the right supplements

The taking of supplements also aids in the prevention of vitamin deficiency, as well as in the protection of the body from diseases. Wrong diet and a sedentary lifestyle often lead to vitamin deficiency, and when the body does not consume the essential micronutrients on a daily basis, the body’s defenses drop to an all-time low. By taking the recommended daily dosage of vitamins and supplements, proper nutrition is almost always a guarantee. Many, if not all, of the supplements found in the market have surpassed international standards, making them highly suitable for those who want a boost in their nutritional intakes.

Athletes, bodybuilders, and professional trainers are not the only ones who stand to gain from supplements. Anyone who leads an active lifestyle can also benefit from the right vitamin supplements as well as whey protein supplements. Whether you’ve been active for a long time or has taken up exercising and has been more active just recently, the right types of supplements can help you achieve your nutritional and weight management goals in an efficient and healthy manner.

There is definitely no shortcut to good nutrition. For many Thais, as well as those who enjoy good Thai cuisine and engage in intensive Thai sports, good nutrition should not be limited to proper diet and daily exercise alone. Oftentimes, the maintenance of good health is also about choosing the right supplements and taking them as needed, for enhanced nutrition.

Starting a family is a big experience for anyone. For some people, it does take a little more work. If you aren’t fortunate enough to be able to just get pregnant and get on with your family planning on your own, there are resources out there that can help. A Missouri fertility clinic might be just what you need if you live in the Kansas City area and are trying to start a family. There are nearly half a million residents in this Metro area, and you can trust that you’re not the only one that needs help with family planning.

A Missouri fertility clinic is going to offer a lot of different services for couples and individuals who are looking to get help with starting a family. There are egg donation services, IVF (in-vitro fertilization) assistance, family planning services, and more. Regardless of what you need or why you are looking for a little extra help, you are definitely in the right place when you choose to come here. Starting a family is an exciting time, and you deserve to be able to enjoy it just like anyone else would.

You should check into whether you are able to get insurance coverage for your services at a Missouri fertility clinic. If you have insurance coverage, these services may or may not be covered depending on how good your plan is. Make sure that you find out because fertility treatments and services aren’t cheap. If you do end up having to pay out of pocket, you might want to talk to the clinic about payment plans, financial assistance, or other solutions that could help you offset the high cost of fertility services and treatments.

There is a lot of work that goes into family planning and choosing the best Missouri fertility clinic is going to be high on your list of things to do. Make sure that you learn about your options, find a reputable clinic, and get a financial plan in place so that you are prepared for this new adventure. Starting a family is something that everyone should be able to enjoy and with the help of fertility specialists, you can have the chance to enjoy your experience more and stress over it less. Family planning services are going to make starting a family easier and more enjoyable for everyone who needs a little helping hand.