Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory neurological disease that can generate a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms. Multiple sclerosis involves the deterioration of myelin, a substance that surrounds the bodys nervous cells. Myelin has a very important role in the transmission of nervous impulses, and if this substance is affected, the entire activity of the nervous system is seriously compromised. Although the actual causes of multiple sclerosis remain unknown, there are several hypotheses that present genetic abnormalities as the main factors responsible for causing the disease. Medical scientists believe that multiple sclerosis occurs on the background of inherited genetic predispositions, and environmental factors are suspected to be triggers of the disease. Some hypotheses also introduce viral infections in this scenario, although infections with viruses dont seem to contribute to the development of the disease.

Multiple sclerosis can affect the body on different levels. The majority of people with multiple sclerosis suffer from dysfunctions of the muscular system, while others also develop neuropsychological dysfunctions. Multiple sclerosis usually generates a wide range of symptoms: body weakness, pronounced fatigue, muscle numbness, poorly coordinated moves, poor balance. People affected by multiple sclerosis can in time experience decreased visual acuity, mental states of confusion and even short-term memory loss. People with multiple sclerosis can also suffer from depression, which is common in more than 80 percent of patients with the disease.

Although there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, most medical treatments can alleviate the symptoms generated by the disease, also preventing their recurrence. However, the majority of medications prescribed in long-term multiple sclerosis treatments (beta interferon, corticosteroids) can generate many side-effects, causing additional damage to the body. Hence, it is best to avoid following long-term treatments with potentially-harmful drugs. In many cases, multiple sclerosis therapies can ameliorate physical symptoms just as well, without using any drugs. Considering the fact that most symptoms generated by the disease are linked to the musculoskeletal system, the majority of multiple sclerosis therapies are focused on improving muscular mobility and tonus through physical exercise. Multiple sclerosis therapy through exercise can help patients regain their strength, coordination and balance, alleviating muscular pain, numbness and stiffness.

The majority of multiple sclerosis therapies involve recuperative physical exercises and medical gymnastics. Other forms of multiple sclerosis therapies include recreational physical activities, such as swimming, jogging or the practice of different sports. Most people who have followed such multiple sclerosis therapies have experienced an amelioration of their physical symptoms and have improved their overall health condition. Although medical treatments are required for most patients, people who follow multiple sclerosis therapy need smaller doses of medications. Combined with an appropriate diet and a healthy lifestyle, multiple sclerosis therapy through exercise can be very benefic.

Healthcare credentials matter for many professions. Sometimes it’s a matter of the school providing the right certification and membership training and sometimes a graduate must pass a professional exam. In some cases there is regular re-testing and mandatory skill upgrades.

When you think about the immense responsibility that a healthcare professional has, this makes a great deal of sense. Firstly, healthcare workers are in a position of trust. People are predisposed to believe people who work in medicine and health and see them as authority figures. Healthcare workers deal with people in a state of vulnerability, either those who don’t have all their facilities or who are immobilized or in pain, or simply in the intimacy of a patient’s home in the case of a nurse or a personal support worker. For these reasons, training from nursing through to pharmaceutical courses will also include an ethics component.

Teaching ethics isn’t just about the simple concepts of right from wrong. It’s also hard questions, for example when to notify patients about a diagnosis, who is privy to confidential patient information and what to do where the patient may have been involved in criminal activity or is a victim of abuse. Sometimes ethical questions may involve choices like whether or not to administer a treatment that could extend a patient’s life but increase suffering. This is one of the reasons why the CRNE exam is constructed using input from working nurses and will have realistic case studies as examples.

Professional accreditation also makes sure that the healthcare worker has skills that are up to date. New medical research is occurring constantly. Treatments that were used in the past may be deemed ineffective or even actively harmful, while dosages and administration methods are being carefully refined. Pharmaceutical courses are expected to be current and be structured to train students the most modern practices. Courses taught several decades ago could hardly be expected to predict the plethora of drugs that are available today. In the past, antibiotics were constantly over prescribed, but modern know-how teaches us that this can be actively harmful to collective health or even the safety of the patient.

Another trend that encourages accreditation is increasing regulation and the legal due diligence to prevent litigation. Much like a restaurant will make sure it has qualified staff with a food safety certificate, medical facilities will hire staff that can prove they have a solid background. Professional organizations help compliance with regulations and care standards. For example, there is little oversight on who may call themselves a nurse, but a registered nurse, the kind that can work semi-autonomously in providing healthcare, must pass a national CRNE exam.

Visit Academy of Applied Pharmaceutical Sciences (AAPS) Inc. for more information on credentials like a food safety certificate.

Obviously, most people know when they bring their little fur-ball of a kitten or puppy home that they have very weak immune systems at that point, and therefore they several sets of pet vaccinations in order to help their immune system become strong on its own. However, with busy schedules, it is often difficult with busy schedules or with owner’s that have disabilities to take their pet to the vet, which is where mobile pet vaccination services make sense. The veterinarian on wheels, if you will, and they come to your home to make sure your pet is inoculated at the appropriate times.

Regardless of the breed you have or your situation, the mobile pet vaccination services can make your life so much easier and if you have an especially nervous dog or cat, taking him or her to the veterinarian is very traumatic, but it is much less stressful when the pet vaccinations are done in your home and on your schedule. Moreover, going in for a wellness visit, should not be such a frightening experience for your pet and upset your entire day, which is why you may begin seeing more mobility clinics because it is something that clients want for their furry friends.

It is a misconception to think that mobile pet vaccination services are for the rich and famous, because this is certainly not the case. Most of the services, such as routine vaccines and wellness exams are competitively priced with going to an actual stationary clinic and not priced so highly that only a certainly few can afford it. In fact, you may be surprised to find that some of the mobility clinics are cheaper than the affluent stationary clinics because they have to pay such high rent, they are forced to charge more for simple and routine visits.

Having your pet vaccinations up to date is important to protect your pet and to give you peace of mind that they are protected when they are outside or around other animals. A mobile pet vaccination clinic provides simple routine vaccinations and wellness exams that are competitively priced, offers you the convenience of having your veterinarian come to you, and causes less stress for your pet.

When it comes to pet vaccinations, everyone with a dog or a cat knows that it is something that just needs to happen one each year, but if you have an older animal that is especially nervous going to the stationary vet, why not have the mobile pet vaccination clinic come right to your home? Your dog or cat can receive his or her vaccines without ever having to leave the home, which for some dogs and cats can be an huge ordeal and leave them very upset even once they get back home.

What Are Water Soluble Vitamins?

This category includes Vitamins C, Folate or Folic Acid, and all the B-vitamins. Vitamins in this class are absorbed quickly and readily excreted, with minimal to no storage by your body.

An important exception is Vitamin B12, it is critical to many metabolic processes and therefore your body actually reabsorbs it in the part of the small bowel named the ileum. This is why it takes a long time to develop a B12 deficiency and why it is a somewhat rare deficiency in developed countries.

People with certain types of autoimmune processes such as pernicious anemia, longtime strict vegetarians, and those who have had a significant portion of their ileum removed or injured by inflammatory bowel diseases are more susceptible to B12 deficiency.

Safety and Toxicity of Water Soluble Vitamins

Yes, water soluble vitamins have a lower risk of buildup and toxicity, but you still can have toxic effects from certain ones:

Vitamin B6 can cause nerve problems (peripheral neuropathy) in very high doses. This happens at doses of 1000mg a day, which you can’t get from food alone. Rarely this can happen from as little 300mg per day.

High doses of Niacin (Vitamin B3) can cause flushing. This is not a toxicity, but actually a side effect. When niacin is used as a prescription medication for high cholesterol sometimes patients are advised to take aspirin with it to minimize this side effect.

Alcohol Misuse and Thiamine

Thiamine (B1) is very important for brain function and is often low in alcoholics. In fact, if anyone has even a question of possible alcohol abuse in the hospital they are often started on thiamine.

Alcohol use depletes your body’s Thiamine, and can lead to an irreversible psychosis known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that together increase your risk for:

Coronary artery disease (heart attack)
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke)
Type 2 Adult Onset Diabetes

Recent research discovered that people with metabolic syndrome had lower levels of:

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B3 (niacin)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Biotin and Muscle Cramps

Biotin is a water soluble B vitamin also called vitamin H. A recent research study tried using Biotin on patients that were getting painful muscle cramps during dialysis, since these patients are low in water soluble vitamins:

Biotin supplementation of 1000mcg (1mg) per day reduced cramps promptly.

Vitamins lost in Kidney Injury or Dialysis

Water soluble vitamins can be lost during dialysis – patients are more likely to have low levels or be deficient of several water soluble vitamins, especially on the restricted dialysis diets.

A recent research article suggests that supplementation with the following vitamins may be helpful in persons with dialysis:

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Vitamin B9 (Folate/folic acid)
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Nurses assigned to hospital maternity wards, nurseries, or neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for critically ill infants are known as neonatal nurses. Neonatal nursing is a specialized field that allows a registered nurse to train for the care of newborns during their first 28 days of life. A good number of major hospitals in the country, particularly hospitals that have NICUs, provide training programs in neonatal care for registered nurses who find their calling in the care of neonates, as these newborns are called.

Training for critically ill neonates is included in these training programs in hospitals with NICUs. Nurses who want to specialize in this area will also need considerable experience in acute care pediatrics, as well as in adult care nursing.

Neonatal nurses are healthcare professionals whose responsibilities include directly reporting to neonatologists and specialists in critically ill infant care, interacting with parents of these neonates, and make decisions as well as supervise the kind of neonate procedure and care to be undertaken at any given moment. A neonatal nurse’s supervisory capacity will depend on the NICU facility or hospital they work in.

To take on neonatal nursing, a registered nurse needs to complete a Master’s degree program, or take up continuing nursing education courses for this particular specialty. As a neonatal nurse practitioner or neonatal healthcare nurse, they will need to learn how to care for infants who are healthy, premature, have developmental problems, or are critically ill. They will also need to learn how to interact with families and how them the appropriate care for their newborns, as well as how best to deal with the situation of a critically ill or premature neonate.

Not only is the neonatal nurse supposed to care for her patients, it is given to her charge to help assuage the confusion, panic or grief of any stricken infant’s family. This spells the difference between doctors and neonatal nurses: the ability to care for infants, and spend time hearing their parents’ concerns.

Many family members often find that neonatal nurses are more approachable compared to other members of a hospital’s medical staff. Neonatal nurses, particularly in hospitals with NICUs, are always available to see and speak with parents about their concerns, particularly when their neonatologist has a high caseload and doesn’t have the time to deal with distraught family members. This is where the expertise of neonatal nursing lends a hand.

The medical field has always been a demanding one. A large number of people are regularly getting in touch with the clinics with regards to solving their health issues. This demand has made the field a necessity. There are several reforms taking place in this aspect, every now and then. Newer facilities are being launched with better changes. The medicine field is controlled by doctors, physicians and nurses, but since the last ten years there are novel faces emerging called the hospitalists. The job of a physician is to prescribe appropriate medicines to the diseased patients along with their regular practices. But there are individuals, who, due to their over loaded duties prefer to turn to hiring medical students for the hospitalist jobs. A hospitalist is a person who is selected by the physicians to assist them take charge of the patients in their absence. They are definitely more aware of the happenings at the hospitals and are probably more aware of the systems than the doctors that come on restricted rounds. They are after all, required to give the detailed report of the concerned patients to the doctors who are in-charge.

The hospitalist jobs are everything related to a doctor’s jobs sans the personal medical practice. They play an important role in the internal medicine jobs which are offered in an array of hospitals around the world where medical care has utmost importance. A hospitalist can also be an intensivist, or a pulmonologist. With the ever-improving specialties in the hospital arena, the need of the internal medicine jobs have become a must. They are well paid and respectful as well. All the internists who want to continue their career as the medico care taker and do not wish to practice further can pursue the hospitalist jobs. Their time of jobs differs from hospital to hospital. Some provide proficiency in choosing shifts while some make 24hour service mandatory. It is not a matter of concern, you are paid a handsome packet, on the contrary, so what is bad? This is the best career to go for, for the girls as well as they will have a responsibility of -home’ coming up in the future, so as to spend time with the family as well as having the hospitalist job. Being there in the hospital itself, completes your assignment for the day, you need not carry any work-pressures home.

So, once you are fortunate to get this job, you can make continue climbing the ladder of success, just be determined and confident.

For more information, please visit :

We all know that vitamins and minerals are compounds necessary in small quantities for the normal functioning of the human body. They are essential for all of us if we want to live a health life. Most vitamins are obtained from our foods, but most of us don’t eat a perfect diet. If that sounds like you, you should consider vitamin supplements. And if you are considering homeopathy, a good vitamin plan should be an ongoing part of your life. More information on vitamins can be found at .

When you are not well, your body shows symptoms of your sickness. This is how we know that the body has recognized that something is wrong and is trying to fix itself. Or, to put it plainly, your body is striving to achieve what is called “homeostasis”.

Homeopathy is a natural approach to your health that works without the side effects that you can get from some forms of traditional, Western medicine. In other words, homeopathy gently urges your body to heal itself. But a word of caution: the body needs certain nutrients. That’s why a good vitamin and mineral plan should be part of your everyday regimen.

Homeostasis is the another word for the body keeping itself in balance. We all have this “natural regulator” in our body whose sole job is to maintain the body and it’s components, (organs, joints, bones, etc) so that everything is working together. But, if you’re sick and the body is trying to heal itself it may lack the necessary nutrients to do so. That’s where vitamins and diet enter the picture. Vitamins and minerals are very essential for all of us, especially if you’re are trying to facilitate homeostasis.

Homeopathy is different from conventional medicine in that conventional medicine considers us to be healthy if we lack symptoms. But if we do have symptoms, for example a runny nose and we go to the doctor and he gives you some drugs which dry up your nose, you’re considered healthy. Homeopathy, on the other hand, defines health as lack of disease. In other words, if you get rid of the source of the runny nose, you are well. Big difference. Just because you’re nose isn’t running doesn’t mean the source is not still there. did you ever have a cold that went “away” for a few days and then came back? That’s an example of your body not being in a state of homeostasis.

If you eat a healthy diet, do you need to take vitamins? Well, maybe not. But, are you really eating a healthy diet? Most people do not. Good nutrition is vital to health and to maintaining homeostasis. Do you need a vitamin program to achieve homeostasis? We recommend doing your research and discuss your situation with a health professional who is knowledgeable about diet and vitamins and the effects on your body.

In the meantime, live healthy!

Charnock Hospital is a 120 bedded multi specialty tertiary care premier hospital in North Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal. It is a blend of the old world values of integrity and honesty along with modern technology and medical science. We believe and follow as system of total transparency and catapult the same to the patients. Being a super specialty hospital in Kolkata we are offering the best of medical treatment to the people of the region. Our specilality segments are joint replacement surgeries, complex gynecology cases, pain management, cancer treatment surgical and medical. Our Critical Care is one of the best equipped ones and is have a strong round the clock medical backup of senior renowned consultants.

Charnock School of Nursing is affiliated to West Bengal Nursing Council and Indian Nursing Council for running GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery) courses. The annual intake is 30 students. We have hostel facility to accommodate students.

Charnock Executive Education Department is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences for running Masters of Hospital Management (MHM). The annual intake is 30 students. Our Institute is equipped with an excellent library where many users can access the library at a time. The library contains a comprehensive collection including medical books, Indian & foreign medical management journals, CDs & daily newspapers of different languages. Provision of Internet Facility is available to each student. Charnock Hospital also has an institutional membership of the British Council Library (BCL), through which the Hospital library gets the advantage of using the resources of must educational document for a comprehensive knowledge.

The Hospital provides best treatment keeping affordability in mind. It is running and 24Hr. emergency service along with 16 bedded ICU, NICU. Out Patient Department is functional everyday having specialist doctors available throughout the day. The hospital provides Health Check Up Plans for wellness. The diagnostics division is equipped with the latest machines which undergo constant checking and re-calibration as per NABL and other guidelines. This department covers the following streams:

Cardiology
Echo Cardiography, Echo-Doppler, Doppler studies, TMT, Holter, ECG

Radiology
Digital X-ray, CT Scan

Sonology
Ultra-Sonography

Gastroenterology
Upper GI endoscopy, Colonoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy, ERCP

Laboratory
Pathology, Biochemistry, Microbiology

Charnock Hospital is run by SKM Group, a industrial house primarily focused in Eastern India and having interest in diversified fields of Healthcare, Education, Agriculture, Real Estate, Manufacturing, Mining and in Hospitality segment. The group is also engaged in philanthropic activities and running a charitable trust under the name of SKM Foundation. The purpose of SKM Foundation is to provide benefits to the underprivileged sections of society. The motto of SKM Group is to give honest, caring, compassionate and economical care to the people of Eastern India.

Choosing Your Maternity Hospital. Unknown to many, there are American hospitals in Paris. That is assuring if you are a westerner accustomed to western medical service. The presence of American hospitals in Paris should end your anxieties about the type of maternal services available here.
American hospitals are run American doctors and staffed with trained midwives and nurses. These hospitals have cutting-edge equipments to ensure safe delivery of babies and the health and safety of mothers.

However, Paris has its set of maternity hospitals. Yet it is best to get a private hospital because many of the government-funded maternity hospitals are short of staff. To get more ideas how Paris maternity hospitals are run and evaluated visit the health bureau website.

Mothers who want to give birth to their babies in France can also get the services of experienced midwives. Actually, this is recommended only for women who have no problems during pregnancy or complications that can endanger the baby’s and mother’s health.

Prior to the birth, midwives and doctors go through the important routine of asking about the family history. Blood tests are also taken to find out if there are health risks or diseases that might affect the baby.

The doctor eventually recommends a gynecologist who is going to attend to you before, during, and after the birth of the baby. But you can choose your gynecologist if you have someone in mind or if the doctor back home has suggested someone who has a good track record and who can speak English.

There are maternity hospitals in the city and in the quieter and lovely countryside. To save on hotel and hospital stay after giving birth, you can opt to rent a holiday apartment that would be your home until you are fit to return back to your country.

Baby’s Citizenship. If your baby is born in an American hospital in Paris, your baby can be registered as a French citizen. The French citizenship must be registered at least three days prior to the baby’s birth. After the birth, the baby is registered according to the parents’ citizenship. As a result, the baby has dual citizenship.

Whatever your citizenship, having a baby in an American-run maternity hospital in Paris eases your mind about the language barrier and of course you feel at home in familiar hospital management.

Accommodation. Book a holiday apartment online – a nice cozy place to bring baby to after your hospital stay. Holiday apartments are modern homes or remodeled old homes and are beautifully decorated to suit different tastes. Online booking is faster and convenient and you can get discounts too.

There are many famous Yoga retreats in India. These Yoga retreats practise Yoga to improve health. have many patrons inside the country and even abroad. Thousands of tourists throng these retreat centres annually to learn and practise yoga. Certain centres conduct Yoga and meditation to relax the mind, body and soul. Retreat centres in India adapt a holistic approach to healing. Yoga can improve concentration and rejuvenate the mind, body and soul. Yoga is also the part of much rehabilitation. Yoga offers peace and happiness to the mind. Tourists evoke interest in Yoga due to the peace it offers to the mind. Yoga retreats are located in serene and peaceful atmosphere. It heals the mind and the idyllic environment relieves stress and tensions. Yoga calms the mind, it is a great idea to practice Yoga in the busy routines to relax. Many tourists spend their vacations in Yoga retreats. Yoga retreat centres have trainers or Gurus to instruct Yoga therapy. Yoga has been in practise since several decades. There are renowned retreat centres that propagate Yoga. Yoga should be practised under the instructions of trained yoga teachers. It is a great idea to take a break in Yoga retreat centres during vacations. Yoga can break the routine of strenuous work shifts. Organisations can send their employees to learn and practise Yoga, annual trips to the retreats can facilitate it. Yoga improves the energy level and the basic metabolism of the body. Yoga is popular in India, it is recommended for people of all age groups. Yoga is widely used for fitness and is effective in preventing illness. There are many Yoga retreats in India and these centres practise Yoga. There are many patrons for Yoga, they practice Yoga daily and are happy with the results. Yoga improves circulation, agility and provides strength. Yoga has become an integral part of the Indian culture. There are tourists who visit India and learn to practise Yoga. Yoga can be healing, it heals the inner self. The inner healing heals the mind, body and soul. Yoga promotes cure for both the mind and body. Yoga retreats are ideal places to practice Yoga under the instruction of Guru or teachers. Yoga should be practiced under the instructions of instructors or trainers. Unguided practises can cause injury to the body and it can be quite painful. Yoga is also considered as a kind of exercise due to the physical activity involved. Yoga is also popular among women and youngsters. There are many renowned female instructors of Yoga. Women are flexible and improve their agility through Yoga. Yoga retreats centres attract large numbers of people improving their health through Yoga practises. It is essential to create awareness about Yoga and practise it regularly. Yoga is effective against obesity, obese can expect weight loss by practising Yoga regularly.

For further reference visit – www.krishnendu.org a>